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House Plants - List of Species
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House Plants - List of Species

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The fatshedera is a cross between hedera (ivy) and fatsia. It is a sturdy climbing plant, and should be trained to grow up a stake or trellis. Pruning encourages side growth.

Grow in low to moderate daylight; cool temperatures 58 to 70 degrees (15° to 20°C); moderate humidity. Pot in standard potting soil with extra organic matter; let dry between waterings. Propagate from stem cuttings.

NOTE: If leaves drop, cut off shoot tips and re-root.

Fatsia japonica

This is a sturdy plant which can be trained to a stake or kept bushy by pinching back new growth.

Grow in low moderate daylight; cool temperatures, 58 to 70 degrees (15° to 20°C); low to medium humidity. Pot in regular potting soil; keep soil constantly moist. Propagate from seed; cuttings.


Several species of fern show great variation. Ferns with tough, leathery foliage (such as Boston fern ) adapt better to household conditions; whereas feathery, delicate types (such as maidenhair fern) are less tolerant. All ferns are moisture lovers - they need high humidity and a moist but well-drained soil, high in humus content. Drafts and direct sunlight cause damage to the foliage. They will grow in dim light, but must receive some daylight or artificial light (1,600 lux). Ferns adapt to various temperatures, preferring a cooler room, 58 to 75 degrees (15° to 20°C). Fertilize with care. propagate by division.

The common house plant ferns; Adiantum (maidenhair fern), Asplenium (bird's nest fern, mother spleenwort), Cyrtomium (holly fern), Davallia (rabbit's foot, squirrel's foot, deer's foot), Platycerium (staghorn fern0, Polypodium (hare's foot), Nephrolepsis (sword fern), Pteris (table fern, brake fern).


Ficus elastica is the India rubber plant, Ficus pandurata is the fiddle-leaf fig. Ficus pumila, the creeping fig, has smaller leaves than the other two, and is often used to cover bare walls. Ficus plants are all sturdy house plants, able to adapt to a variety of conditions.

They prefer diffused daylight; warmth 68 to 80 degrees (20° to 26°C); medium to high humidity. Grow in humus potting soil; keep moist. Keep leaves clean. Do not use too large a pot as over-watering can become a problem. Propagate from leaf or stem cutting and air-layering.

NOTE: Leaves drop if temperature fluctuates or plants are watered with highly chlorinated water. Miniature varieties grow well in bottle gardens. If lower leaves drop and too much stem is exposed, air-layer the top.


These are ideal for terrariums and bottle gardens because they are small and need fairly high humidity.

Grow to low to moderate daylight; warmth 70 to 85 degrees (23° to 29°C); high humidity. Pot in standard soil mix; keep evenly moist. Drafts kill these plants easily. Easily propagated from stem cuttings. Young plants are more attractive than old plants.


Grown for their beautiful flowers, and are attractive in hanging baskets.

Grow in diffused sunlight; fairly cool temperatures, 60 to 70 degrees (15° to 20°C); high humidity. Protect from drafts. Grow in well-drained standard potting soil, let dry between waterings. Propagate from stem cuttings in warmth.

NOTE: Fuchsias should be rested in September through to March - lower temperatures, 45 to 55 degrees (7° to 12°C), reduce watering and let foliage die down.


Hedera (Ivy)

There are hundreds of varieties of ivy all having similar requirements, they are sturdy, adaptable house plants. They can be trained up a trellis or stake, or pinched back continually to develop into tough bushy plants.

Grow in moderate daylight; fairly cool temperature 60 to 70 degrees (15° to 20°C); moderate humidity (leaf tips turn brown if grown in dry air). Grow in well-drained standard potting soil; keep barely moist. Will grow in water. Propagate easily from stem cuttings.

NOTE: Pinching back stems while the plant is young induces branching and bushy growth.

Helxine (Baby's tears)

These dainty, moss-like plants are excellent as fillers in terrariums and bottle gardens.

Grow in moderate daylight; warmth 68 to 85 degrees (20° to 26°C) medium to high humidity. Pot in regular potting soil; keep slightly moist. To propagate, secure an attached shoot to a dish of moist rooting medium; keep warm and moist. When roots have formed, sever the leader.

Hoya (Wax plant)

These are durable house plant with decorative leaves. They are natural climbers but can become bushy plants if kept pinched back. They flower if kept warm and moist and rested in winter.

Grow in moderate daylight (tolerate poor light); keep warm, 65 to 80 degrees (18° to 26°C) in spring and summer; moderate to high humidity preferred. soil must be well-drained; use standard potting soil with extra humus. Soak well at each watering, then allow to dry before watering again. Use small pots. Propagate from stem cuttings in warmth.

NOTE: Fall and winter dormancy is necessary - keep cool, and reduce watering (just enough to prevent shriveling). Do not cut off old flower stems, as new flowers are produced here. Buds may drop if pots are turned when in bud, due to the change of light direction.





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